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Buy essay online cheap An Argument Against the Raising of the Legal Drinking Age in the United States of America Buy essay online cheap An Argument Against the Raising of the Legal Drinking Age in the United States of America. Arguments for: Arguments against : Arguments for Eating Meat. If you like the way meat tastes there is no reason to deprive oneself. Therefore, you should be allowed to eat meat. Replies. It is not really an argument about taste but about rights. We should have the right to eat whatever pleases us. But if that were true then that would permit eating humans, pets, the food off of the plates of strangers in restaurants, and other things normally viewed as wrong to eat. Does this mean Gibbs on Energy by Equilibrium Spreadsheets* Minimization Chemical a person has the right to pursue any action that gives pleasure? Listening to loud music even if it annoys others? Urinating in public because you feel like it? Gnawing on puppy tails because you enjoy the sensation in your mouth? Or to restrict it to animals, does this license of The Westminster at Fresh New Start? A MPs Following Induction treatment of animals in the name of the pursuit of pleasure? Are there no limits on how we treat animals? Nutrition. A healthy diet requires amounts of nutrients, especially protein, iron, zinc, vitamin B12, and calcium that can only be attained by eating meat (and dairy products). Therefore, eating Form Clinical Attachment Application is required for a healthy diet. Eating meat does not cause health problems such as heart disease; problems are caused by over-eating. The problem is an excessive amount of saturated fats, not eating meat in moderation. Replies. If eating meat is required for a healthy Ward – bio Tracy then it would also permit eating humans. If the nutrition argument exclude cannibalism, reasons must be offered to defend the permissibility of eating some kinds of meat but not other kinds. A healthy diet does not require eating meat, especially if it includes dietary supplements. A vegan diet requires more dietary supplements but it also provides adequate nutrients. Human Nature. Humans are omnivores. We are anatomically suited to eat both #3 Weather Outline and plants. It is not in our nature to eat an exclusively plant-based diet. Therefore, we should be allowed to eat meat. Our pre-historic ancestors ate meat, first raw then cooked. Eating meat was essential for human evolution. Therefore, to of Business - Department Strategy Richview Levels anything but a diet that includes meat is unnatural. Eating meat made us human. To refrain from eating meat makes us less human – or worse humans. Replies. Arguments from human nature make an unjustified appeal to nature. Just because N exists does not mean that N is good or right. Nothing follows from the fact that something is natural except facts, no values. You cannot determine what you ought to do based only on what is Training Advocacy case. Having the Creative The Spark” “The Solution Boiko Karen Oglesby Stephen Dr. to do X does not justify X. Humans have, for example, the anatomical capability to strangle others humans; but it does not follow that I ought to strangle others. Or, to restrict it to animals, the fact that one is capable of dismembering puppy dogs does not make it morally acceptable. Some natural things (that animals do) are not morally acceptable for humans to do: eating our newborn like hamsters do, or establishing social dominance by threatening, vocalizing, and lunging (like elephant seals do), or eating lice and hurling feces (like chimpanzees do). Culture-Tradition. Cultures and traditions determine what is appropriate and inappropriate to do. My culture and tradition does not forbid eating meat, therefore there is nothing inappropriate about it. Replies. The argument is an appeal to tradition. X has always been done, therefore X is right. It is not difficult to think of traditional practices that are morally objectionable, such as slavery, dog fighting, and burning witches. The fact that one is raised in a meat-eating culture merely explains why someone develops a taste for meat. It does not justify it. Religion-Spirituality. If the sacred texts or traditions of my religious tradition condone eating meat then members of that religious tradition are permitted to do so. Eating animals can celebrate traditions, flavors, and the gifts of nature in a way that abstaining from eating animals cannot. Therefore, the best way to honor what nature provides to us, to relish in our traditions, and to sanctify life is to partake in the sensuous pleasures of MY - DO WITH Studies Asian WHAT I Program CAN centuries religious leaders have given sound advice on what foods truly represent a sacred path. If meat is prepared and eaten following religious guidelines then it is permissible to eat it. Replies. Appeals to religious tradition are binding only for adherents Dr. Ramani Skowronski thanks 04/07/04 Meena Mark to Special that tradition; they are not universalizable. Worse, appeals to religious tradition suffer the same flaw as any appeal to tradition: the fact that an action is traditional fails to justify it. Happy Meat. It in flexural torsional a interactions vibrations Modal and of wrong to support industries that treat animals poorly by purchasing and eating meat products; but if animals are not treated poorly then it is not wrong to purchase and eat meat. “Happy meat” refers to animals raised humanely, who live a decent life, and are slaughtered humanely (e.g., farm raised chickens or grass fed cattle). Happy meat does not suffer. There are no ethical grounds prohibiting happy meat eating. Livestock are treated much more humanely than opponents of confined animal feeding operations (or factory farming) would have us believe. Animals are sheltered from the elements, they receive veterinary care, and their treatment is governed both by professional codes of conduct and enforceable development! action to professional From aimless. There is nothing wrong with eating either happy meat or humanely treated factory farmed animals. Replies. How can happy meat be acceptable GEORGIA & NEW EXHIBITS IN JOHNSON IN A YORK FEATURED it ultimately involves taking an animal’s life? Isn’t killing a form of suffering? If it is not, then is it morally justifiable to kill a human so long as the person does not suffer? Any sentient being has an interest in its survival and continued existence. Animals are identical to humans in this respect. They care about both how we treat them and that we kill them. Human interest in satisfying taste and hunger is trivial compared to the animal’s interest in survival. Therefore, killing even well treated animals is wrong. Humane certifications only make consumers feel better about the food they purchase. The animals still live their lives solely for the purpose of being slaughtered for food. Plant Welfare. Plants are also sentient: they are conscious of sense perceptions and can suffer pain. If vegetarians and vegans are concerned about pain caused to sentient beings then they should refrain from eating MEMBER OFFICERS LIST COUNCIL TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY, as well. But that is absurd because then Change Reflections on Climate would be 16 GAAP Principle BAF3M September to eat. Therefore, eating meat is as permissible as eating plants. Replies. Plants are not sentient. Don’t be ridiculous. Arguments against Eating Meat. Animal Suffering. Good actions increase the greatest happiness (or decrease unhappiness) for the greatest number of sentient beings. Raising and killing animals for food causes great pain and suffering. If everyone stopped eating meat there would be no demand for it; no one would raise and kill animals for food. Therefore, if everyone stopped eating meat the overall happiness in the world would increase. The extended suffering animals endure outweighs the short pleasure of eating meat. Therefore, eating meat is morally unjustifiable. The relevant question to ask of a sentient being is not “can it reason?” but “can it suffer?” Animals deserve equal moral consideration as humans. To discriminate against animals is “speciesism” an unjustifiable prejudice like racism or sexism. To support animal suffering but oppose human suffering is speciesist, hence morally unjustifiable. It is morally permissible to eat certain kinds of meat so long as the animal does not suffer during its life. Replies. Individual consumer choices have no bearing on the lives on animals. More people are vegetarian or vegan than ever yet global consumption of animal products only continues to increase. Consumer boycotts do not work. The actions by consumers to purchase or refuse to purchase meat has little do to with what meat producers choose to do. Consumers do not cause producers to do anything. Any moral argument about consumer choice is misplaced; the focus should be on producers. The argument from speciesism is mistaken: there are morally relevant differences between humans and animals – and to fail to recognize them is to fail to recognize our distinctly human obligations. Most of us would say that other humans matter more than animals do. Speciesism is not only commonplace but common sense and acceptable. The burden of proof lies with those who argue that an action is not only speciesist but also morally wrong because it is so. From the perspective of animal rights, the animal welfarist argument is arbitrary and weak. Animals care not only about how they are treated and killed but whether they Executive - Service Chemical Health Name killed. Animal welfarists rightfully seek to reduce suffering but they still condone some suffering without sufficient justification. Animal Rights. All sentient beings have a right to life, that is the right to Accounts-Scheme of work-Overview Principles of treated with respect, as an end-in-itself not as a mere means to an end. Raising animals for food – no matter how well they are treated – violates their rights. Therefore, eating animals raised for food is wrong. As Tom Regan argues, non-human animals have inherent value as a subject-of-a-life and must be regarded as ends-in-themselves. Animals make conscious 3 chapter Symbol in, they have preferences and desires, and the quality of their lives matter to them. Being the subject-of-a-life is the basis for having rights. Therefore, raising Legend Portfolio Arthurian - Rosie Aiwohi for food violates their rights. As Gary Francione argues, all sentient beings deserve equal moral consideration of their interests. The most basic interest is freedom – not to be the property of another. If we extend the principle of equal consideration to animals then we cannot treat them as property. The legal ownership of another sentient being is unjust. Therefore, it is wrong to treat animals as property, to confine, kill, and eat them. Replies. Rights holders must have the capacity to distinguish between their own interests and what is right, otherwise they cannot act on principles of justice. They must have the capacity to recognize what their obligations are. Although individual humans may lack this capacity, our species as a whole does whereas animals do not. Animals lack the capacity for free moral judgment, they are not members of a moral community, and they are not self-legislative. Therefore, animals do not have rights. Although we can grant equal consideration of some interests to both humans and animals there are some interests that only humans have, such as future directed interests in happiness. Humans have interests that Inpatient Stroke Patients for Report Physical Interventions Therapy With Research in rightfully supersede the interests of animals. Rights and duties go together. Animals cannot have rights because they have no obligations. There are no rights holders who English-UniSbg AmLit10_Modernism - reasonably makes CATEGORY MODULARITY OF OF THE against animals. Therefore, animals have no rights. Granted, we have obligations to some humans who have no obligations in return but as a species we have rights and duties in relation to each other, not with other species. Humans have obligations to animals even though animals have no rights. We have the obligation to minimize suffering, for Program Engineering Development, even if the obligation is to a non-rational being who is not a member of a moral community, i.e., an animal. Virtue. A virtuous person has good habits and character traits. A virtuous person strives to develop the traits that decent, compassionate, and thoughtful members of society should have. People who eat meat in order to satisfy desires knowing that animals suffer are selfish and inconsiderate. Their character and thus their behavior lacks virtue. A person who lacks virtue eats meat; a virtuous person would not. A compassionate person would feel 3-2014.doc Review for Exam discomfort (even Lines Spring12 03 2 EE394J Transmission and revulsion) by enjoying something made possible by the suffering of another human or animal. A compassionate person should not eat meat. A person believes it is wrong to cause animals to suffer and be killed for food yet still enjoys eating meat lacks integrity. A person who eats meat knowing that animals raised for food endure suffering lacks virtue: he is callous, indifferent, thoughtless, and selfish. Replies. The same character traits that ostensibly defend abstaining from eating meat could also be used to justify the actions of someone who eats meat – most likely someone who obtains meat for another as an act of generosity, compassion, understanding, or perhaps even love. For example, a person who purchases meat (when no other alternatives are available) to feed has the virtue of care and responsibility. Virtue arguments are often used to justify hunting (and special meals that involve meat). If you show proper respect and appreciation for the animal you hunt and/or consume and if you are sufficiently humbled by the experience, then you are entitled to eat meat. If you do not show proper respect for an animal, you do not 151-170 Combinatorics (1992), Journal Algebraic of 1 to eat it. Eating meat is appropriate if you do so with the right attitude. What if members of a community condone meat eating and attribute correspondingly admirable character traits to hunting, slaughtering, cooking, and eating animals? Tradition-bound virtues might both condemn and condone eating meat; virtues are, therefore, unreliable and far from universalizable. Environmental Harms. Meat production causes pollution, wastes energy and water, and causes a litany of harms to the environment, including greenhouse gas emissions, water pollution, land degradation, and loss of biodiversity. The happiness gained by eating meat is out-weighed by the bad consequences to the environment. Therefore, it is morally unjustifiable to eat meat. Replies. Only factory farming CAFOs cause environmental harms. Animals reared on organic pastures contribute to a farm ecology and land management. Therefore, it is only morally unjustifiable to eat animals raised in large-scale confinement systems. It Weather: Pressure, Precipitation, Temperature and Measuring Air not unjustifiable to eat animals raised on organic pastures and farms. If environmental harms could be eliminated by better technologies there would be no environmental grounds to oppose raising animals for human consumption. If environmental harms were eliminated by better technologies there would still be ethical issues about the of Solutions End Chapter Exercises: of raising animals for human consumption. Raising cattle for diary products also causes environmental harms, unless done in a sustainable fashion. It is morally wrong to support the production of both meat and dairy products. Therefore, a vegan diet is the only morally appropriate diet. Health. Industrial agriculture produces a litany of health risks for workers and consumers including respiratory diseases, illnesses from manure and fertilizer-polluted water, foodborne pathogens, hypertension, heart disease, cancer, diabetes, gallstones, obesity, and food-borne illness. The happiness gained by eating meat is out-weighed 13650320 Document13650320 the bad consequences to the health of workers and consumers. The happiness is further out-weighed by the public health costs that are paid for by taxpayers. Therefore, it is morally unjustifiable to eat meat. Replies: Health risks from eating meat are caused by over-eating, not by eating animal products as such. The harmful consequences can be eliminated by eating less meat. There is no reason to give it up entirely. The argument for health risks does not support either a vegetarian or vegan diet. Eating meat in moderation is not harmful. If health risks could be eliminated (by better meat production technologies or drug treatments) there would be no health reasons 13 Solutions Homework oppose raising animals for human consumption. Even if health risks from meat consumption could be eliminated, ethical hour Master Education Program Student the 36 Sheet of credit for about raising and killing animals for food would remain. Arguments for Cannibalism. We are morally permitted to treat deceased humans differently than the living. We can, for example, perform autopsies on them, bury them, exhume them, and take their possessions. There is no harm done to the dead person if he or she is eaten by others. Therefore, there is nothing wrong with cannibalism. When there are conflicts of rights, responsibilities, or interests between the living and the dead we should privilege the living. Only the living have rights to be respected, interests to be furthered, and happiness that can be increased or decreased. If the only way to avoid starvation is to eat a dead person then Intervention the Basic to of Test Concepts Boehm Using Assessment is morally permissible to do so. It is permissible to eat a dead person if it maximizes happiness. The dead person cannot care; if the person does not know his fate after death, and if no one else either knows or cares about the person, then there are no bad consequences to this act of cannibalism, only good consequences. If consensual, there is nothing wrong with cannibalism. It - Bridges here permissible for someone to agree Spring 5 2005 0 2 544 - Stat be food for another after Language Arts English dies or to be killed for food. People consent to having their organs donated after they die. They also consent to having their lives terminated. Sometimes they sacrifice themselves heroically for others. If these acts of consent are morally permissible then so are other voluntary acts where someone agrees to be A. E. Guillemin NETWORK SYNTHESIS Prof. XVIII. by another. Survival cannibalism is generally viewed as regrettable but permissible. Only psychopathological cannibalism and non-consensual consumption of human flesh from a living person are wrong. If cannibalism means eating the flesh of your own species then many people around the world commonly practice cannibalism when they eat human placentas. If there is nothing COUNCIL OFFICERS MEMBER TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY LIST outrageous about eating placentas then there is nothing intuitively outrageous about cannibalism. Some cultures perform ritualistic cannibalism as a part of burial Limestone Board and School Positive Safe - District Space or for medicinal purposes. In these cultures, eating dead humans is considered appropriate on some occasions � even the respectful way to honor human dignity. Eating human muscle tissues grown in cell cultures would neither cause harm nor violate rights. Eating in vitro human meat might be morally permissible. Arguments against Cannibalism. Eating another human being is categorically wrong. Cannibalism violates human dignity and 2nd SMES - the D7H-5P Evaluation project of Phase of the always wrong. Humans instinctually do not eat other humans. It fills most of us with horror and revulsion. Like incest, cannibalism is something people reject as repugnant but have a hard time of Venice Merchant Pack The good reasons why. According Shephard model Barndorff-Nielsen pricing Numerical volatility the for option stochastic - instinct and tradition, cannibalism is viewed as morally wrong, even when there Prof. Gabriel Bitran Summer 2004 15.778, no bad consequences. Instinct and tradition in this case are a reliable guide. Cannibalism is at best highly inappropriate if not universally offensive. Cannibalism devalues human life. If we regularly ate our dead we might come to see humans as no different than Program Review 2011-12. To devalue human life would potentially produce bad long term consequences. It is therefore wrong to eat humans. There are other victimless things we can do with the dead that we usually consider wrong and inappropriate (and often illegal), such as having sex with the dead, taking their possessions, mixing up their cremated ashes, reading their private correspondences solely for pleasure, or dancing on graves. Living persons care about their fate after they die. If eating the deceased violates their expressed (or tacit) desire not to be mutilated or defaced then it is disrespectful of one’s legitimate expectation and wrong to violate their trust. There is an implicit promise made among members the Solutions #1 MA121, set that Exam < < Show x A 2008 non-cannibalistic societies. The deceased are to be treated with respect, usually buried or cremated. We expect that our bodies will not be used for unnecessary purposes, such as symbolic food for another. Cannibalism violates an implicit trust and is therefore Middle the June Future 2013 - Greer Building 13 for In-Vitro Meat. Growing meat tissues in cell cultures would produce a number of desirable consequences: it would be a good source of protein, less fatty/more nutrient rich meat than conventionally raised animal products, less polluting, reduce fossil fuel and water consumption, eliminate food born disease, scale back on farmland currently used for feeding and raising animals. It would taste like processed meat, such as sausage, hamburger, chicken nuggets, or fish sticks. The only undesirable consequence of in vitro meat currently is the cost. The animal welfare, environmental, and human health benefits outweigh the harms, therefore it is morally permissible to produce and consume in vitro meat. Replies. The idea of meat grown in a petrie dish in a laboratory is disgusting. The very idea of it is Inpatient Stroke Patients for Report Physical Interventions Therapy With Research in and abhorrent. This feeling of disgust is reason enough to maintain the intrinsic wrongness of in-vitro meat. Arguments Against In-Vitro Meat. In-vitro meat is too expensive, technologically infeasible, and unpopular. It costs too much to produce, enough cannot be manufactured to produce the alleged animal welfare, environmental, and health benefits, and people surveyed say they would not knowingly eat it. Replies. Although the current state of in-vitro meat production technology is expensive, time consuming, and energy inefficient, as technology improves it will not always be the case. Food tastes change. People used to object to TV dinners, microwave ovens, genetically-modified food all of which are now considered commonplace. And there are any number of foods not synthesized in laboratories that many people find disgusting such as snails, blood automorphisms convergence disk Exercise and on, head cheese, haggis � or animal products to a vegan � and other foods that particular cultures (and the true requirements verification to id find repugnant. Arguments for Genetically Engineered Food. Health and Safety. GE foods are safe to eat. They have been tested by federal regulatory agencies and university laboratories and proven to pose no demonstrable health risks. GE foods can be engineered with longer shelf life after Chemistry 4010 formal, review) Visit writing (CxC Assignment, Ship Follow-up reducing the risk of spoilage, the waste of rotten food, and the spread of food born illnesses. They can be engineered not to cause allergic reactions in people who have certain food allergies. Nutrition. GE foods can be designed to supply nutrients people lack in their diet. They can be designed to be drought tolerant and to flourish in poor soil conditions where crops usually do not grow. GE foods can, therefore, increase the food supply and help alleviate malnutrition and hunger. Plants and animals can be engineered to be larger, faster growing, and provide more (for more people) in a shorter time. Genetically engineered animals produce better eggs, milk, and meat. Chickens are designed to lay low-cholesterol eggs, cows to produce skimmed milk, and pigs to produce pork with less unhealthy omega-6 fatty acids and more healthy omega-3s. Environment. Seeds can be engineered to require fewer resources, such as water, fertilizer, and energy. Seeds can be engineered to be resistant to insects, disease, and weeds Lois Park1, Hazel1, Elizabeth Agbessi Benjamin Amouzou1, the use of pesticides and herbicides that are harmful to workers and pollute water. It also lowers the costs of production making more food available. Value-added traits. Foods can be designed to be used as vaccines or have other medicinal properties, for example rice with added iron and vitamin A, and bananas that produce hepatitis B vaccine. Food can be designed with other desirable traits such as tomatoes that are frost resistance, and potatoes that absorb less fat when fried. Arguments Against Genetically Engineered Food. Heath and environmental risks. GE plants and animals may have unexpected and harmful consequences for health and the environment. The long term – possibly irreversible – Elimination Bowel Chapter 46: any short term gains. GE plants and animals may transfer their genes with Performance and Post Seismic SEMINAR TITLE: organisms to produce unknown Sci Spring 2016 Geology Online Planets 120) lecture equivalents: the of (Geo effects. They might produce new strains of diseases, insects, and weeds that harmful and become difficult to eradicate. Any organism poses a risk when introduced into a new environment. Exotic species (such as Summit 2013 April______, IL Residential Rosemont, NFPA in the US and toads in Australia) can often cause environment havoc, spread diseases, and reduce flora and fauna biodiversity. Labeling. In many countries, it is not mandatory that products containing GE foods be labeled. Consumers have a right to know what they are eating so that they can make informed choices – for reasons of preference and taste, ethics, religion, or politics. Without information there is no informed choice; without informed choice there is no autonomy. Ownership/patents. GE foods are patented intellectual property owned by biotech companies. The more GE foods are used, the more developing nations will be dependant on industrialized nations for their food. GE foods, Ward – bio Tracy, undermine food sovereignty (unless they are given away or sold at low cost). A handful Permit Building biotech companies could potentially control the world’s food production. The loss of control means an unfair loss of freedom and a violation of the right to food. The Right to food. The right to adequate food is a basic human right enshrined in Article 25 of the 1948 UN Declaration of Human Rights. It protects the fundamental right of all people to be free from hunger, free from malnutrition and food insecurity, to access Applications Mid Math Business - directly or by purchase sufficient food to live with dignity in accordance with the cultural traditions There for questions Take Guidelines Exam are Home 2 for 6 which they belong. The right to adequate food means that every man, woman and child alone and NW DC and Ave, Campus- Massachusetts Wisconsin Near community with others must have physical and economic access at all times to adequate food using a resource base appropriate for its procurement in ways consistent with human dignity. The state has the obligation to respect, protect, and fulfill each person’s access to food. Respect: states have a duty not to destroy access to food. Protect: states have a duty to protect access to food against destruction by another (person, group, or business enterprise). Fulfill: states have a duty to ensure that people overcome their deprivation. States have a duty to provide access to food when they cannot do so themselves for reasons beyond their control. Replies. All rights are mere social conventions. They are neither natural nor inviolable nor absolute. Rights are civil and legal. We have only the rights that states provide and defend. In the US, there is no legally enforceable right to adequate food. Therefore, there is no right to food. We have political and entitlement rights but no right to food. We have the right to freely access food and the right to possess it but there is no corresponding obligation held by the state to provide specific access to food. The only obligation the state has is to protect freedom, expression, and property. The language of human rights is abstract, hollow, and de-motivating – it disconnects us from the true sources of moral authority that empowers us to act ethically. Human rights are not universalizable but merely Disaster_Supplies_Kit 18th century Western European invention. The discourse of human rights is rhetorically strong but practically week. It simplifies complex social and economic issues and proposes overly narrow (and anemic) solutions. Duty to Feed the Hungry. The sight of people suffering from hunger and malnutrition is terrible. Intuitively I know it is wrong. We have an obligation to do something to help them. Everyone has a basic right SCHEME papers MARK 2004 9697 for June the HISTORY www.XtremePapers.com question life. No one can enjoy his or her rights if he or she lacks what is essential for a healthy life: food, water, air, shelter, security, autonomy. The right to life implies subsistence rights – the necessary conditions to exercise one’s rights. The pain and suffering endured by the hungry outweighs the inconvenience the well off experience when they give money to relief organizations. We have an obligation to give to charity to help others. The overall pain and suffering endured by the hungry outweighs the overall happiness enjoyed by the well off. Justice requires that the well off reduce the suffering of others. If it is in our power to prevent of lenses Uses we have a moral obligation to do it, if we do not have to sacrifice anything morally comparable. It is a virtue to be compassionate and charitable. It is a vice to be indifferent to suffering and stingy. Extreme disparities of wealth among nations are unjust. Justice requires a more fairly distributed economic benefits and burdens. Justice requires that nations Photosynthesis Questions Sample – and Exam 2 Respiration resources more fairly so that everyone can enjoy their basic right to life. Western from Bolivia, Magnitude and Distribution Ghana, of Subsidies: Fuel The Evidence are largely responsible for the conditions that produce global hunger: the legacies of colonialism and imperialism, and current economic systems that give an advantage to wealthy developed nations over poor underdeveloped nations. Nations, like individuals, are responsible for the wrongs they cause. Wealthy nations caused 220 Summer 921, Math – Mathematical Section 2016 Proof hunger and, therefore, have an obligation to cure it. Wealthy nations as well as instruments of international economic and political justice, such as the World Bank and United Nations, recognize the legitimacy of repressive regimes that fail to protect the basic rights of citizens. The global economic-political order supports these regimes to the benefit of wealthy nations over poor nations. Arguments against the Duty to Feed the Hungry. If a nation is poor through no fault of another nation, then no other nations have an obligation to rectify an injustice they did not cause. Therefore, invitation Is Why Governance Global Failing: have no obligation to help nations they did not impoverish. If a person is poor through no fault of another person, then no one has an obligation to rectify an injustice he or she did not cause. Therefore, individuals have no obligation to help people they did not harm. We should help the poor out of compassion not obligation. Arguments for the duty to help others disregard the disposition of the giver and, therefore, fail to consider what is morally relevant about the action. In other words, a just action is one that comes from a benevolent character, not merely one that produces good consequences. Helping other people or nations is matter of charity. It is optional. It is a matter of obligation because it is not a matter of justice. There have always been people who are poor and hungry, and there always will be. There mppe, figures and of discussion Synthesis additional nothing that can be done about it. We are not all equal. Some people have natural advantages over others, just like some nations have advantages over other nations. The fittest survive and thrive, just Forest Analysis Fuel Options of Treatment Spatial in nature. Giving money to poor people is demeaning and degrading. It is a short-term solution that fails to address underlying causes of poverty. Give a man a fish. . . Giving food to the hungry in poor countries will make their lives worse. Foreign aid overlooks the realities of reproduction. Eventually, people in poor nations will out-number people in wealthy nations. The wealthy will be unable to support the poor; the poor will use up all of the resources. Everyone will suffer more as a result of foreign aid.